Date Published: 05/26/2020 [Source]
We aimed to evaluate lung cancer survival in never-smokers, both overall and specifically by sex, exposure to residential-radon, age, histological type, and diagnostic stage.
We included lung cancer cases diagnosed in a multicentre, hospital-based, case-control-study of never-smoker patients, diagnosed from January-2011 to March-2015 (Lung Cancer Research In Never Smokers study).
369 never-smokers (79% women; median age 71 years; 80% adenocarcinoma; 66% stage IV) were included. Median overall survival, and at one, 3 and 5 years of diagnosis was 18.3 months, 61%, 32% and 22%, respectively. Higher median survival rates were obtained for: younger age, adenocarcinoma, actionable mutations, and earlier-stage at diagnosis. Higher indoor radon showed a higher risk of death in multivariate analysis.
Median lung cancer survival in never-smokers seems higher than that in ever-smokers. Patients with actionable mutations have a significantly higher survival. Higher indoor-radon exposure has a negative effect on survival.